As I was casting about for new music this week I ended up looking toward Michigan and came upon the recent release by Detroit’s The Tellways which is titled Out To The Cosmos. I gave it a listen and came away impressed by the composition of the music and the nice way that they weave Motown and R&B influences in with island sounds. Soul and reggae music have always had a subtle equivalency to me and those parallels are evident within the music on this record.
The lead-off track is “Anxious” and it is a good listen with a slightly (and appropriately) nervous undertone, simple yet poignant message and some very nice horns 🙂
The next song is “Keepin’ Me Up” and you can definitely hear those Motown influences within the music. That call-back to soul and R&B was evident within the first minute and yet was still subtle enough to blend in well with the Caribbean rhythms.
“Believe Them The First Time” has a slow, soothing flow to it and delivers a direct and simple message. I really liked how the horns were woven in here also and the way they provided accents to the other instrumentation on this song. I have listened several times and this remains my favorite on this album.
That is followed by “I Don’t Need To Tell You” and “Cool And Luke” which flow nicely within the album although I did not think they were especially notable other than the beginning to “Cool Hand Luke.”
When I read the title of the next track, “Space Force,” I was not sure what direction it was going to take…and I am still not 100% sure of its underlying intent. Humor? Sarcasm? It remains a mystery to me but I did find the line, “we brought our own water,” to at least be quite funny.
“Tellway Stomp” is a feel good song celebrating the band’s sound and positive influence and is followed by “You’re Really Something (2020)”, another track where you can really hear the R&B vibes. The next three songs (“Closer – 2020”, “Let Me In -2020” and “Friendly -2020”) are solid inclusions, with the middle track of the three being the standout. It runs a close second-place for my favorite song on the album.
The album closes out with “Bow To Your Sensei (2020)” which is a very good (mostly) instrumental track with solid composition that includes horns, and some great guitar and bass. It feels a little heavy when listening but puts a nice finishing touch on “Out To The Cosmos” and sent me away feeling good 🙂
Overall I really like this band and what they bring instrumentally and with their direct lyrics. When you listen to this record is comes across mostly as a reggae / ska mix but you definitely find yourself with several pleasing, “Wait, what was that?,” type moments. And it will certainly get you feeling groovy and dancing!
The Arches just released a new album called “Abandoned” – I checked it out and here are my thoughts 🙂
First of all – that cover art is great and especially eye-catching to me as I am an “urban decay and abandoned industrial things” photographer myself. Check out their Bandcamp page for a higher resolution photo – It is quite a stark image. I also think there is a mysterious cat lurking in one of those upstairs portholes…or an extremely large rat…what you do think?
The set starts out with “Just Killing Time” which has a slight haunting quality to it, especially as the lyrical refrain “I know you’re no good, I know you’re no good for me,” floats over the music. This is probably the most “pop” song on the album although I suspect The Arches may not be aiming for pop notoriety…it just struck me that way when I listened to it.
There are some good drum beats on the next track “Rise UP” which gives it an “anthem you can dance to” feeling. That song then bleeds over well into “Mikola.” It is one of those great transitions that I always try to put into playlists I make…they just fit next to each other. Now, I have no idea what that word means or what meaning it might have to the band…but do not look it up on Urban Dictionary if you are a PG-rated person!
The next track, “Baby Face Assassin,” is a music-only number that really caught my attention. It had me making up my own lyrics, albeit a simple “there’s a baby face assassin coming for me, and I think that it’s time to leave” as I closed my eyes and got a little lost in the composition.
The next two songs were the toughest part of the record for me. “Apocalypsing” really had me scratching my head a bit…although that usually means I missed the point so I suspect some of you out there will love it. The following track “Stuck in a Loop” has a kind of eerie discordance inside of it running alongside a very pleasant keyboard melody. It left me feeling just a little bit uneasy.
The album finishes up with “Time Will Tell’ (a dreamy atmospheric type song) and “Mikola Outro” which sends you on your way in a contemplative mood, possibly feeling slightly lost and thoughtful. It had that effect on me anyway.
Overall, this is an interesting record which delivers a variety of emotions as you listen to it. It clocks in at a tight and well-composed twenty-one minutes. On their Bandcamp site for this album The Arches comment that, “There is beauty in loss and abandonment, in everything.” These songs delivered a sense of that beauty while also leaving me just a little bit uneasy.
Yes, I know that I am late to the news on this one but I just had the opportunity to listen to the recent release “Thank you, Dancers!” from the Slim Dunlap Band. This epic was recorded April 27, 2002 at the Turf Club (and as you folks know…I do love the Turf Club 🙂 and really presents a good feeling of what it was like to see Slim and the band in concert. A nice, easy familiar feeling that makes you feel good. Go somewhere and listen to this music – it’s on Bandcamp and I am certain other places also. If you want a place to start check out Breeder’s Cannonball or Busted Up.
The next morning Leo was not feeling much better but had pretty much given up on complaining to the jail personnel. On the 18th U.S Marshals came to get him and moved him over to their holding cell at the federal building in downtown Minneapolis. They did think he looked ill enough to call for a doctor though and Leo received some medical attention prior to his preliminary hearing on October 19th. After that he was transported back to the Hennepin County jail to await his next court appearance. He did not eat anything on the 20th and by that evening, when he met with his lawyer, his skin was noticeably grey. The attorney was concerned and offered to arrange for some medical treatment but Leo had other things to discuss.
“Have you talked to my wife?” he asked in a soft, low voice.
“I tried, I really did. But she isn’t at the house and it looks like most of the things inside are gone. I peeked in a few windows when no one answered, ya know? Looked cleared out and the neighbors said a moving truck was there a few days ago.”
“No notes or nothing?”
“Nothing Leo. And I tried your sister but, well, quite frankly she doesn’t want anything to do with you. You sure about not wanting a doctor? I can get one in here. You look like hell.”
“Ah, it’s too late,” Leo replied with a feeble wave of his hand, “not much time left I don’t think. We need to talk about that guy I told you about, that bomb-maker. You gotta help find him and bring him in. Here’s a few,”
“Listen,” the lawyer interjected, “I know you are fired up about finding this guy. Right now, let’s just try to get you into a medical ward, ok? I think we need to focus on your case and getting you better also.”
“It don’t matter about me right now, I gotta make sure someone gets that guy.”
“I’ll be back in touch Leo, right now I have to go see another client,” the lawyer replied and quickly gathered up papers into his briefcase.
“It ain’t gonna be ok I tell ya,” Leo muttered, “you gotta get this info from me now.”
“I’ll get it next time, ok?”
Then the man was gone and the jail guards took Leo back to his cell where he collapsed into his hard bunk and fell asleep. He did not line up for the morning roll call on the 21st and a guard found him semi-alert in his bed. They left him lying there through breakfast and then, when he did not want to get up to go to lunch, forcibly carried him from his cell to the meal line. Munching his way slowly through a ham sandwich Leo sat alone at the edge of a table. They also had to carry him back to his cell when meal time was over and the guard who closed his cell door turned back to speak to him.
“You’re making this all harder than it needs to be Humbert,” the guard said, “you ain’t gonna make any friends here if we have to carry you to every damn meal.”
Leo sighed first, then replied, “I’m sick, you know that right. It’s pretty damn obvious if you look at me. Maybe one of you should finally get me a doctor.”
“I heard about you complaining about being sick and I’ll agree you look it. I thought they were getting you one? That should’a happened already.”
“Well, it didn’t,” Leo answered, “and I doubt it will. I don’t think anyone here is listening.”
The guard ambled away without a reply to that and Leo drifted off to sleep. He did get himself up for dinner and although he did not eat much that seemed to make the guards happy. He made a phone call that evening attempting to reach his lawyer and wrote a short note that was later found in his cell. The contents of that note have never been revealed although it is thought to have been directed to his attorney. On the 22nd Leo continued to comply with getting himself up for meals and tried several more times to reach his lawyer. After the evening meal he played two hands of cribbage in the common area and then went back to his cell.
At 6:52 pm jail guard Henry Willis, who had been working there for nine years, announced that he was going on his break a few minutes early. Due to another guard having left sick a few hours earlier, and no replacement being available, this left just one guard on-duty at the front desk area of the jail. That guard, Jerry Timmons, had only been working there for three months, having just come off his probationary period of employment.
“Yeah sure thing Henry, I’ll keep the place in shape for ya,” he replied to Willis’ announcement.
Ten minutes later a man entered through the side door, a way that official persons, deputies and medical staff usually used to access the jail. The man, past middle-age and about six feet tall displaying wisps of sandy blonde hair under a large brim fedora, walked up to the desk and announced he was a doctor.
“Ah, hello. I don’t recall seeing any orders up about a medical visit,” Timmons replied. “You sure you’re in the right place?”
“I am,” the man replied and then stood silently, green eyes blinking back at the guard.
“Ok, well, I’ll look again. Who are you here to see?”
“Some sick prisoner obviously, I think they said his name was Homberg.”
Timmons was looking through the daily log book and other papers but thought he recognized the name. “Humbert? Leo Humbert?”
“Yeah, sounds right,” the man replied while glancing at his pocket watch. “How about you let me in to see him before any more of my night gets wasted?”
“I still don’t see it here, you know, the order for a medical on Humbert. It’s always in here.”
“Ok kid, no offense, but I come here all the time. I don’t recognize you, so maybe you’re new. But they sent me to see this guy so let’s just get it over with, ok? It’s probably damn indigestion anyways.”
Timmons glanced down at the orders book again, up at the doctor, over to the door and then back at the doctor. The man had a resigned, nonchalant look on his face and did not raise any of the young guards suspicions. After several more seconds Timmons let him in, forgetting to have the doctor sign the official visitor log.
“I’ll walk you down doctor, just hang on until my partner gets back, ok?”
“What’s the cell number? I can just walk down there and ask him a few questions. Like I said, it’s probably indigestion.”
“Well, yeah, it’s 104.”
The doctor walked off at a brisk pace once Timmons opened the interior cell walkway door for him and was surprisingly back at the same gate about two minutes later, rapping his knuckles again the bars. Timmons hurried over to let him back through to the secured area.
“That was very fast doctor. Is he ok?”
“Oh yes, he’s just fine. Quite a faker. I’m going to return to my own dinner now if that’s ok with you,” the doctor replied, gesturing toward the secured exit door.
“Of course, yes sir. Hope you have a good night,” Timmons replied cheerfully and unlocked the door.
Ten minutes later Henry Willis returned, realized something unusual had taken place in his absence and rushed down to Leo’s cell. He found him lying on the floor, gasping for breath and with his eyes starting to roll back into his head. He opened the cell and went in to attempt to help but when he leaned down Leo grabbed his shirt and hissed into his ear.
“Remember that hotel fire, 1940, it was murder, look up the clock-maker. Find him.”
After that declaration Leo become unresponsive and he died a few hours later at the hospital. The official cause of death was never released although allusions to it being related to diabetic shock were made in the press and by jail authorities.
Leo Humbert, a historical curiosity and a bit on an enigma, was buried on October 26, 1967 at Sunset Memorial Park. Amanda faded into historical obscurity and Stanley Bittenhopper was never caught or heard from again.
For those of you who want to know, this is the article that started this long journey along with a few other documents relating to the story of Leo Humbert’s life.
The time period from his loss of the King Company job and the start of 1966 were filled with longer and longer absences from home, an increase in diabetic symptoms and attacks, more crime and a return to his womanizing ways.He did maintain his cover while back in St. Anthony with Amanda and Sharon, getting right back into the groove of home life for the limited amount of time he spent with them.He read his newspapers, went to church, worked at his role as a father and purchased gifts for Amanda.He did still frequent the Gay 90’s club where he was a popular regular and as one former manager put it, “he loved that place and we loved him.”When he was not with his family in Minnesota he had his other side on full display as he frequented clubs in many cities, had a large cache of girlfriends and spent his days plotting crimes.When he did pull off a job, he was increasingly direct and stern when committing those acts, not suffering fools or any attempts by victims to deviate from his instructions.He did not kill anyone but several people suffered pistol-whipping or gut punches after he judged them to be non-complaint.
In late December of 1965 Leo was hospitalized in Montana after a severe diabetic incident and did not get released until ten days later.When he was finally out he walked away from the hospital feeling uncertain of his future.Beneath his tough demeanor even Leo knew that this last incident was a dire sign and that he may not have much longer to live.Although he never had followed medical advice very well he had thought he was getting along well enough with his combination of partial compliance with doctor’s instructions, home-made remedies and general tough-guy refusal to be sick.He was not so sure anymore about his immortality and quickly spun into a depression.Eventually he made his way back to St. Anthony and although he never told Amanda the details of his hospital stay, she could tell that he had been sick and was not doing very well.It was in January of 1966, while home with his family, that Leo met Tracy King one night at the Gay 90’s.He was still feeling low and a bit depressed and they quickly started dating.
The relationship accelerated quickly, much past the point Leo usually stoped at with his girlfriends and in May of 1966 he agreed to take her with him on his next trip.He had already staked out a possible bank robbery in New Mexico which is where they headed.The job was successful and that night Leo, flush with cash and with crime fueling his good spirits, got caught up in the mood and agreed to marry Tracy.He thought better of that by the next morning and realized he was in a bit of a situation. He had to admit to himself that he did have deeper feelings for her than was usual and also that he enjoyed her company quite a bit.She was young and full of energy, thought him to be quite the dashing gentleman and fit in well when they went out to clubs and dinner.Deciding that he wanted to make her happy, Leo paid a man in Albuquerque to pretend he was a minister, after which he took Tracy to a park where that man performed the ceremony.
Immediately after that they traveled to Denver, Colorado as Tracy stated she wanted to move there because she had family in the nearby area.Leo set her up in an apartment and gave her some additional money for living expenses.Telling her that he would be on the road quite often but would ensure that she was well-taken care of, he then departed and was back in St. Anthony by early June.As he whiled away some time in his domestic role Leo came to realize that he had complicated his life quite a bit and that his expenses were going to go up considerably.Having to maintain two residences, juggle his relationships and make time for everyone, along with plotting and committing enough crime to pay for it all, was going to be a challenge.Leo felt certain that he was going to be able to make it work.He did well for almost a year and although he was not getting rich from crime he did manage to make enough to keep both his Minnesota and Colorado lives rolling along smoothly.
1967 Buick Skylark
On May 1, 1967 Leo was in Carson City, Nevada and involved in a car theft scheme that he had set up.In an unusual move for him there were some other players involved in this caper, mostly because it had expanded rapidly and Leo needed experienced car thieves to keep up with the demands of the chop shop he was working with at the time.One of these men, Charlie Kittle, who had just joined up with the car-theft crew had also known Leo in the 1920’s back in Bakersfield.A comment by Charlie one cold afternoon stunned Leo and brought some old feelings and memories back up to the surface.The two of them were hanging out at the chop shop after Charlie had turned over a Buick Skylark he had taken from a grocery store parking lot.
“What brought ya out here to Carson City anyway?” Leo asked.
“Hell, I was running from a botched job in Atlanta.Big mess really, on a safe cracking gig.Damn explosives malfunctioned and almost took the building down.Two guys killed right there.I ran for it but the noise had drawn a crowd out in the street.Musta’ been twenty folks that saw me clear as day.This is about a far away as I could get.”
“Sounds like one hell of a mess indeed,” Leo replied as he lit a cigarette.
“No kidding.Your old buddy was to blame for it, too.”
“Yeah, you know, that wacko clock-maker you hung out with in Bakersfield back in the day.It was his job. He’s the one that lit up that building.”
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As that year moved into spring Leo felt that he definitely needed to get some additional money stashed away to ensure that he could properly provide for his growing family.This marked a period of time in which very slowly but steadily his time and attention were more focused on the planning and commission of crimes.Although he still stuck mostly with bank robberies there were some occasions when he returned to stealing cars or grifting.He ran a few fake jewelry schemes in Nevada and New Mexico, including one in which he narrowly escaped capture in Reno.He had been running that operation under an alias of course but the close call did scare him enough that he mostly stuck with banks and cars after he managed his getaway from the police.Leo, when home, played the part of father in a forced but kind way, trying to interact with Sharon especially when she was playing outside in the yard or at the park.That seemed to be much more comfortable for him than other parental tasks such as teaching life skills, reading stories or enforcing discipline.He and Amanda continued with a strained, lukewarm relationship and Leo spent most of his free time pouring over out-of-town newspapers.He often would leaf through eight or more of these every day, seemingly skimming the pages in a manner that made no sense to his wife.She questioned him about it a couple of times but his non-responsive answers made it clear he was not interested in discussing it with her.As it seemed harmless enough she just figured he was restless to be back on the road or was looking for information to help him with sales opportunities while he traveled.
As the end of 1962 approached, Leo’s performance for King Manufacturing had hit a low point.Internal documents reveal that the executives in the company had been aware of the decline going back to at least 1957.It seems as though they had held several meetings to discuss Leo’s roles with the company and the possibility of firing him had come up first in 1959.That time he was saved mostly by his prior reputation, although he was confronted with the issue and made aware for the first time about the company’s concerns.He turned things around starting after that meeting and lasting through the fall of 1960 when things began again to decline.There were some highs and lows in his performance after that, seemingly always just enough to head off another confrontation.However, by November of 1962 the company general manager had seen enough and called Leo back to Flint for a meeting.He arrived over an hour late blaming an issue with his vehicle.As always, Leo was sharply dressed and still exuded confidence and charisma.
His issues were of course caused by the criminal activities which were taking up more and more of his time.Bank robbery had become an extremely risky thing to do as law enforcement tactics had evolved as had bank technology and security.Leo found himself having to do more extensive planning and surveillance than ever before to ensure success, all of which took him away from his real job of selling for King Company. The general manager started the meeting with an abrupt statement.
“Right now Leo, you are basically here to convince me not to fire you.”
Leo blinked back in reply, took a deep breath and replied, “You know, after all this time, that’s a bit of an unfair way to jump on me.”
“Yes, well that may seem so, but the issues with your productivity really have to be faced by you and quite frankly, by us.You have been with us a long time, eighteen years in fact, and there were some great times in there.Your record as a sales manager back then and for many years, really top-notch stuff Leo.That’s not now though, and your previous success has well, basically it is why you still have a job right now.But you’ve burned up all of that goodwill and consideration.These last years have been several variations of poor or awful and we need to move on.Look at this report on your productivity.”He slid a few sheets of paper across the large wooden desk toward Leo. “Your run is done, maybe you can find another start at something else, get your fire going again like back in the day with us.”
The GM steepled his fingers together as he finished speaking, peering at Leo over the top of his reading glasses.Leo looked down at the top page of the reports, saying nothing and not picking them up.Several tense seconds clicked by on the wall clock behind the desk, the GM continuing to stare at him.Finally, Leo looked up and delivered a very impassioned response, citing a long litany of good deeds done for the company mixed in among details about the increasingly difficult sales scene in the United States.He went on for over ten minutes and finally the GM gave in and stated, “exactly one more chance Humbert, just this last one.Go out and save your career and you better start at it right now.”
Nothing came of that chance as Leo was much too involved in casing a bank in Billings, Montana to spend much time selling. On March 3, 1963 the GM called him at his hotel and stated he needed to see Leo again back in Flint.When Leo told him that he was working a “hot sale” and could not return immediately, the GM replied that Leo needed to be sitting in his office on March 6th or he would be terminated.That day passed without Leo showing up and so ended his career at King Manufacturing.
He did not inform his family about losing that job and continued to act as if he was still a traveling sales manager.It was now necessary for all of his income to be made from crime as he had no intention of trying to arrange another legitimate career.This actually made him happier as he had grown increasingly frustrated with the normal business and work world.The seven year period where he had been devolving slowly back into his old lifestyle had made him realize that it was the only situation with which he was actually content.It was high stress, dangerous and exciting, all things which he felt suited him perfectly.
He spent the next three months mostly on the road, returning occasionally to both Amanda in St. Anthony and also his room at the Durant where he maintained an address to look good for the company.However, by the time that November of 1944 rolled around, Leo had realized that King Company hardly cared where he lived as long as he continued his high level of success and was present at the mandated quarterly meetings.Realizing that the hotel room was just costing him money and that Amanda was getting increasingly upset about the amount of time he was away, Leo abandoned the room at the Durant and was thus able to spend a little more more time in St. Anthony.
The next ten years passed quickly and were largely uneventful.In fact, although he did pull off a very occasional bank robbery to reset his financial situation, for the most part Leo just worked hard and stayed successful.He actually turned out to be a rather remarkable salesman who established close relationships with a large range of customers, including municipalities and construction firms.This resulted in large profits for King Manufacturing and kept Leo in a position of prestige. Along the way on his travels he did cross paths with some former cronies and was invited to join up on several capers, all of which he turned down.If Leo was going to do any crime at all, he was going to do it by himself.
There were a few other items of interest in Leo’s activities between 1945 and 1955.One was that he gave almost eight thousand dollars to victims of the Marlborough Fire, usually by leaving small packages of cash wrapped in brown paper inside of a mail box.Much of this money he directed at children who had been injured but it is believed that he managed to give some money to every victim that he was able to locate.He also took at least two more trips to try to find Stanley, all of which proved fruitless and he was unable to find even the smallest indication that his old partner was still alive.He became increasingly convinced that the Clockmaker was dead, especially as he heard many stories about how Stanley really liked to wait around and watch his bombs explode.Perhaps he had perished in one of those explosions.Leo also kept up some very infrequent contact with Olivia, although he never put a return address on his envelopes and as far as is known, she was not aware he was living in Minnesota.He also engaged in a new hobby when he had free time, which was researching biological and other kinds of chemical warfare.There is not much information on what drove him to this although some speculation is that he was telling King Company executives that he had been involved with it in the military.Perhaps he decided that he needed to be more educated about the topic so he could effectively sell that kind of false story. Finally, Leo was keeping up his tours of the strip clubs, not just in Minneapolis but everywhere that he went, although the Gay 90’s remained his favorite place.In all of those clubs he was known for being generous to the women who worked there, buying them gifts and drinks while dating them as frequently as he could arrange.He told many stories about his past to these women, sometimes about his true and exaggerated criminal activities and other times he stuck with his carefully crafted fake life story.
By the time that 1955 had started Leo was deep into his split lifestyle and starting to think again about the allure of the criminal world he had enjoyed so much before his long prison terms.He and Amanda had a strained but warm relationship as Leo always showered her with attention and gifts during the short periods of time he was home each month.It was during one of these times, toward the end of February, that Amanda met him at the door as he was returning from walking down to the newsstand.When he looked up at her and their eyes met he realized that she was smiling more brightly than she had in quite some time.It was an odd enough event that is stopped him right in his tracks, fedora halfway removed from his head and the stack of newspapers still tucked under this arm.
“What? What is it?”
“Oh, Leo, I hope you, well, it’s great news.I just hope you are as happy as me.”
“Well, what is it?”
“I’m pregnant,” she replied and then burst into tears although the smile remained on her face.
Leo did not immediately go to her side as he felt like he had just walked into a solid brick wall.This was not something that they had wanted to happen although they had spoken about it several times over their decade of marriage.As far as Leo knew, they had been in agreement about it.He was not suited for the role of father, of that he was certain, and besides he was almost never at home.Now though, he was going to have to step up and be one, a fact he realized and accepted in the space of just a few short moments.Then he stepped over to Amanda, pulled down the hand she now had covering her face, and told her how very excited he was to hear the news.
Things changed after that, as they do for new parents, although not all of the changes would be considered typical.Leo still traveled of course although now he was much more punctual about getting back to St. Anthony, foregoing all of his stops at strip clubs and to visit girlfriends.He had internally re-dedicated himself to his family and Amanda was much happier.He also became very worried about the money, wanting to make sure that he was able to provide the best for the new child and also his wife, expenses that were not going to all be covered by his King Company salary and commissions.He planned, although did not commit, several bank robberies and was much more aware of possible opportunities to make money, all ideas which he carefully filed away as he fought to contain his impulses.
On November 19, 1955 the daughter of Leo and Amanda, who they named named Sharon,was born and they both were proud parents, a fact which is obvious from the letters they wrote.Leo even penned an unusually long one to Olivia detailing his daughters, “perfect little blue eyes and long eyelashes.”As the year came to a close the Humbert’s seemed to be a happy, successful and growing family, Amanda a new and excited mother, Leo a reformed and eager father, and all of them together and living well on 39th Avenue.
Inside Title Page Who’s Who
Leo’s Entry in 1960
The beginning of the next year would see the trend continue, with Leo making his first appearance in the “World Who’s Who in Commerce and Industry,” a listing that would continue for many years, at least up until 1966.That entry, which was submitted by his bosses at King Company, contained many of the false facts that Leo had created for his sanitized life story.It even included the detail that he had been in the Army from the 1920’s up through the early 40’s, conveniently covering his years of criminal activity and imprisonment.Listings in other years had incorrect addresses, a variety of invented roles including a mention that he was a traveling lecturer and researcher in chemical warfare while still also being employed by King Manufacturing.It should also be noted that some of these later editions of the publication actually list his wife as deceased, a fact that Amanda was not aware of although the reason for it may be obvious from some of Leo’s later escapades. And yes, although Leo was a rededicated family man in early 1956, that was not going to last.
They were taking it slowly but as the summer progressed she became more and more convinced that Leo was the man she was going to marry.This despite the fact that there were a few odd things about him.He was, of course, gone often and sometimes for extended periods of time and although he always had a briefcase Amanda had never seen what was actually inside of it.He would reply with, “trade secrets,” and “nothing you need to worry yourself about, dear,” whenever she asked him about it.When he was home he would spend hours pouring over out-of-town newspapers and also took to spending Saturday nights out of the house, claiming to be meeting up with his company’s executives.He never offered to take her along or introduce her to anyone that he worked with or to clients to whom he sold whatever it was that he sold.The time they did spend together though was tender and romantic and Leo would buy her expensive gifts and take her out to eat at fancy restaurants. He also told her that he stayed at the Radisson downtown, a very upscale place to live, although he had only taken her there on two occasions.
Hotel Radisson courtesy lakesnwoods.com
Gay 90’s Night Club
Naturally Leo was in fact up to his old tricks, just doing so much more carefully than he had in the past.By the end of June of 1944 he had pulled off an additional two bank robberies, one in Wisconsin and another right on the border of South Dakota.These had netted him a handsome profit and allowed him to continue his charade with Amanda along with courting a few other woman on the side.His Saturday “executive meetings” were in fact nights that he spent at the Gay 90’s night club on Hennepin Avenue, watching the strip shows and buying drinks for a variety of women. He also had another plan in motion, one which involved a trip to Flint, Michigan in early July of that year.
When Leo arrived Flint was well into its tenure as Vehicle City, USA.It was bustling with a population that was approaching two hundred thousand and offered all of the kinds of vice to which Leo was attracted.He was, however, not there for that kind of distraction.Away from the scrutiny of the parole department in Minnesota, he had decided that this particular risk was worth it.He had come to find a job as he knew that his current story was wearing thin with Amanda and he did not want to lose her.She represented his opportunity to “get respectable” with societal expectations and being married would also look good to his parole officer.Such a job would also allow for him to approach that PO and get permission to leave the state, or at least that was what Leo hoped to accomplish.Then he would be free from any worry if he was pulled over for some reason while traveling.It was all going to fit together nicely into his plan.Unable to completely avoid a little elegance, he took a room at the popular Durant Hotel, figuring that no one would know him so far from Minneapolis.
Durant Hotel Flint Michigan
He then set to work on finding a job, one that fit his preference for extensive travel and limited supervision.He found such an opportunity with King Manufacturing, a company that sold septic tanks and related equipment.They were looking for a salesman to cover twelve states and although Leo had no verifiable selling experience he convinced them to give him the job, mentioning his civil engineering degree more than once.He spent a few days training at the Flint location, learning about the products from a portly, bald-headed man named Larry, and then hit the road with a promise to send in his receipts and be back for the quarterly meeting in September.
Back in Minneapolis by early August, Leo did in fact receive official authorization to travel outside of the state for work relating to his employment.The record reflects that the parole officer confirmed his employment with King Company; however, as it is a fact that they knew nothing of his criminal record it would appear that Leo ran some kind of scam on them involving a false phone number and a friend who impersonated a company executive.The details of that, and how he explained the fact he had obtained an out-of-state job without leaving the state, are lost to history.
The day when this approval came through marked a turning point in Leo’s life.It was not, as you could perhaps hope, a turning point away from crime but rather one in which he realized that he could pull off his big scheme.He had managed to secure a good job, the ability to travel and case out places to rob, a healthy bundle of ready cash and a girlfriend who thought he was someone important.If he was careful, Leo was convinced that he would be able to live below the radar of the police, continue to fund his life through crime, and enjoy the good life.With that in mind, he asked Amanda to marry him on August 7th and they were hurriedly married on the 29th of that same month.A week later they purchased a house just outside of St.Paul in St. Anthony at 3100 39th Ave NE.Life was going well for Leo.
Leo’s appearance before the parole board came on March first, which was also his forty-second birthday.Up to this point in his life he had not been much of one to celebrate or even really mention this event, and few people he had encountered even knew the actual date of his birth.Prison officials knew of course and the guard who escorted him that morning commented on it, causing Leo to reply sarcastically, “Well, maybe for once it’ll be a day worth something to me.”
Leo had aged during his incarceration, his hair thinner and a little more receded since he had been brought back on the parole violation.His features had also softened a little although there was still a fierce and determined look in his eyes.The group of men evaluating him had changed also, with no members still remaining from that which had granted his previous release.Still, they could read the record and had several detailed questions for him about how and why this time might be any different.
Leo was prepared for that, giving a passionate performance about how much he had changed, the lessons he had learned and his determination to, “find a quiet place to just live a simple domestic life, no more foolin’ around, no more crime.”He also mentioned that he wanted to get married and start a family and would find a job right after getting released.Leo left the hearing not all convinced that it had worked as several of the board members openly questioned whether he was serious about any of his promises this time. Leo spent the next five weeks in a rather black mood, sinking into a sullen silence as he contemplated the years that stretched before him in the the prison.
On the morning of April fourteenth a guard, one named Mike Maryland who had a fairly good relationship with Leo, walked up to his cell and stopped.He stood there just shaking his head back and forth, a small smile on his face.Eventually Leo looked up from the book he was reading.
“What is it?What are you bothering me for?”
“Oh, I’m just wonderin’ about something,” Moreland replied.
“Well, go wonder about it some damn other place.You’re bothering me.”
“I’m just wonderin’ how a creature like you manages to come up with so much luck.”
Leo raised an eyebrow but did not reply.The guard stoped shaking his head, crossed his arms and winked.
Leo upon parole in 1943
“I’m here to tell you the news Humbert.They granted you parole.”He then walked away as Leo, who had sprung up in disbelief, shouted a series of, “Are you serious?” and “You better not be pulling my leg,” after him.Three days later, at one-fifteen in the afternoon, Leo walked out of the prison with a small bag of his personal belongings and his fedora along with the three dollars he had been given by the prison.
It took him exactly one day to violate the terms of his parole although he did not do so without a plan.Leo was very serious about staying out of trouble and especially off of law enforcement’s radar but he had a pressing task to accomplish.He needed to settle up with Stanley once and for all.Spending some of his money on a bus ticket and a new suit, he was soon on his way to find his former partner.When he arrived in Bakersfield he took the time to try to avoid being noticed, pulling his hat low over his face and avoiding any direct contact with people on the streets.He arrived to Stanley’s workshop to find it empty and locked up with visible signs that it had not been in use for quite some time.Peering through the window though he could still see some of the clocks sitting silently on the shelves and a small bucket of tools on the floor. Not wanting to have to speak to anyone directly, Leo than made several phone calls, including one to Stanley’s father, disguising his voice when he spoke.In every case the result was same.No one knew where the Clockmaker was and he had not been seen around Bakersfield since sometime early in 1940.Stanley’s father, obviously worried about his son, actually asked at the end of their conversation to, “Tell that boy to come back when you find him.He can still come home.”Leo spent a few more days poking around for information but ultimately decided that he needed to get back to Minnesota before it was noticed that he was outside the state. Two days later he took a room at the Fifth Street boarding house and settled in to try to figure things out on April 30, 1943.
5th Street boarding house
He had, of course, no intention of actually settling into some kind of boring, work-a-day life that he was sure the prison officials thought he ought to pursue.Leo did, however, need cash in order to survive until he had a plan so he took a position as a delivery driver for a hardware company.That job filled the dual purpose of providing him with a wage while also giving him the opportunity to drive around the Twin Cities and its surrounding towns as he made his deliveries.As he did so Leo was casing banks and it took him only two weeks to pick out his target.He proceeded carefully, true to his personal pledge to not get caught, and spent an additional month planning everything out, using his days off to observe and note every detail about the bank and its operation. When he did finally act it was a simple and smooth robbery, with Leo in and out in under four minutes and a total take of six hundred and fifty-one dollars.He quit the delivery job the next day and purchased himself several sets of nice clothing and a brand new fedora.He did, however, remain in the boarding house, figuring that moving into a high-end place was definitely going to get him some unwanted attention.Flush with cash again though, he went back to his practice of visiting strip clubs, wining and dining women and eating steak whenever possible.He was feeling much better about things and was sure that his plan for the future was going to work out well.
It was while out one night at a downtown bar that Leo first met Amanda.She was a striking woman, with dark brown hair that featured natural auburn highlights along with bright green eyes and ivory skin.She was also taller than many women, so easily noticed in a crowd and wore clothing that complemented her slight figure.Leo was attracted to her immediately, offering to buy her dinner, an offer that she refused.He did convince her to meet him for a drink a few days later and, after a few weeks of trying to resist his entreaties, she agreed to a dinner date in late May.That went well enough that she continued to meet him almost nightly for another two weeks and by early June she was starting to believe that she had herself a boyfriend.Leo also realized that the relationship was evolving although he continued to escort several other women around town later in the evening after Amanda and he had said good-night to each other.She knew nothing about it and was certain enough of her feelings to start mentioning him to her parents and friends.
During all of this time that they were getting to know each other Leo had told her that he was a traveling salesman who was often out of town because he had so many clients to visit.The way he dressed, acted and spent money convinced her that he was very successful and he told stories about his sales career that made it seem believable to her.Leo also used some of the details of the fake history he had developed in prison as he expanded on his life-story for her as they spent more and more time together.