I guess it would be more accurate to say that these aliases were born at some point during Leo’s confinement in prison, as it was certainly something about which he had been thinking. These are the main alternate names he would continue to use throughout the remainder of his life and their origin is fairly easy to determine. Lee O’Dare is a play on his first name and Robert O’Hara uses the first name of two men who had played a role in his early criminal development. Leo used those names interchangeably in the years to come, along with a few variations closer to his actual identify, as he traveled along the path of crime that he seemed incapable of escaping. He also sprinkled in a good number of other aliases, although those were used only for very short periods of time in attempts to mask his identify from local law enforcement. He would actually be arrested under these various names several times in his life including the first time he was taken back into custody after McNeil. That was, however, several years in the future and for now he has just emerged from prison.
Leo did seem to make another attempt at legitimacy, applying to the University of Hawaii immediately after his release and lingering for a month or two in Washington State waiting for a reply. During this time he lived under his real name at a shabby rooming house in Olympia, with a few reports indicating he worked part-time at a nearby hardware store. Eventually the answer did come, a simple letter expressing the university’s regret that they could not admit him, and he departed the area sometime in early 1925.
Using a combination of train and bus travel, Leo arrived in the Kansas City, Missouri area in February of 1925, setting himself up at the Pacific House Hotel. This lodging establishment had previously been the best in town but had fallen from that stature by the time Leo arrived. Although it could claim that the James brothers had hung out at the bar, and that it had housed occupying Union troops during the Civil War, by 1925 it was a rundown building with seedy clientele. When Leo moved in he promptly met Chuck Miner, a small-time operator in fencing stolen property. Miner happened to be in the outlying orbit of a man, Tom Pendergast, who was becoming increasingly powerful in Kansas City and the surrounding area.
Tom Pendergast had been making his way up the ladder of Kansas City politics and influence for quite awhile, beginning with assisting his brother James in gaining control over the West Bottoms area of the city. Much of their influence came from providing vice opportunities to the working class in this poor and rundown area, and their wealth came from the profits associated with those illegal business ventures. James eventually became an alderman and fought for the working-class residents of his ward, promoting ideas such as citywide garbage collection, parks and the maintenance of fire stations. The family business, however, remained fixed in the areas of vice that they had always profited from and James used his influence to protect those enterprises. He also provided jobs, via the political spoils system, to members of his family including his brother Tom who began his ascent as a constable in the court system. Following James’ death in 1911, Tom ran for and won his council seat and by 1925 was poised to basically take over the political power in the city. That power, wielded freely and in a wide-ranging way by Pendergast, provided opportunities for some of the criminal elements in Kansas City.
Leo only factors into the history of the 1920’s Kansas City crime scene in a small way. Chuck Miner struck up a conversation with Leo, who inflated his criminal resume by including several arrests and a prison term in Hawaii that never happened. These tall tales matched the stories Leo had been telling at McNeil during the latter part of his imprisonment, which was fortuitous for Humbert. Chuck knew a man who had also been imprisoned there and just been released, and that man verified that Leo was an experienced criminal. Convinced that he was a like-minded fellow, Chuck gave Leo the name of a person who could provide him with some opportunities to make money. These jobs were of course illegal in nature, something to which Leo did not object. Although he proved to have little talent or interest in making liquor runs or strong-arming merchants and voters, he did prove to have skills in car theft and converting stolen property. He spent almost a year in Kansas City, living well enough to eventually move out of the Pacific House and avoiding arrest mostly through the corruption of the local police force. Leo also made several more connections on the edges of the city’s criminal world and was known as a competent and trustworthy operator.
Although it is hard to tell exactly when Leo changed his name in Kansas City, the first record available is when he moved out of the Pacific House. Every reference to his stay there lists him as Leo Humbert and when he moved into the Savoy Hotel in June 1925 he is known as Lee O’Dare. His room, a third floor corner space that overlooked 9th Street, was fashionable for the time and a big step up from his former address. There were several other residents at the Savoy who were also members of the city’s criminal element, and this group would often sit around and drink their morning coffee in the hotel restaurant. It was a small group of small-time operators but they looked out for each other and passed along excess jobs when they could. The group had no leader but Leo was considered to be smart and well-mannered and he may have eventually risen to a position of influence in Kansas City. However, this was not to be as one day in December 1925 Leo crossed the wrong person.
…to be continued